Bones and skeletal tissues

The human skeleton has 6 key functions and our skeleton can be split into 2 main parts. How many bones are there in the human skeleton?

Bones and skeletal tissues

The skeletal system, which is made up of bone and cartilage, serves three primary functions: Mechanical support for sites of muscle attachment Protection of vital organs Ion reserve of Ca and PO for metabolic functions Bone Cells and Matrix Bone is a tissue in which the extracellular matrix has been hardened to accommodate a supporting function.

The fundamental components of bone, like all connective tissues, are cells and matrix. There are three key cells of bone tissue. They each have unique functions and are derived from two different cell lines.


Osteoblasts synthesize the bone matrix and are responsible for its mineralization. They are derived from osteoprogenitor cells, a mesenchymal stem cell line. Osteocytes are inactive osteoblasts that have become trapped within the bone they have formed.

Bones and skeletal tissues

Osteoclasts break down bone matrix through phagocytosis. Predictably, they are derived from the monocyte macrophage cell line. Think of osteoclasts as the "bone version" of the macrophage.

Their activity occurs along their ruffled border, and the space between the osteoclast and the bone is known as Howship's lacuna.

Animal Structure and Function

The balance between osteoblast and osteoclast activity governs bone turnover and ensures that bone is neither overproduced nor overdegraded. These cells build up and break down bone matrix, which is composed of: Osteoid, which is the unmineralized matrix composed of type I collagen and glycosaminoglycans GAGs.

Calcium hydroxyapatite, a calcium salt crystal that gives bone its strength and rigidity. Bone is divided into two types that are different structurally and functionally. Most bones of the body consist of both types of bone tissue: Compact bone, or cortical bone, mainly serves a mechanical function.

This is the area of bone to which ligaments and tendons attach. It is thick and dense. Trabecular bone, also known as cancellous bone or spongy bone, mainly serves a metabolic function.

The muscle groups and their actions

This type of bone is located between layers of compact bone and is thin and porous. Located within the trabeculae is the bone marrow.Anatomy & Physiology, Bones and Skeletal Tissues Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Millions of people world-wide are afflicted.

Basic Structure, Types, and Locations Of the few small ivory figurines to have survived from pharaonic times, two royal representations found in the Early Dynastic temple at Abydos are outstanding.
Classification of Bones Skeletal fluorosis is a crippling bone disease caused by fluoride Millions of people world-wide are afflicted.
Skeletal System – Labeled Diagrams of the Human Skeleton Sacrum - 1 vertebra Coccyx tailbone - 1 vertebra With the exception of the singular sacrum and coccyx, each vertebra is named for the first letter of its region and its position along the superior-inferior axis.
Learning Objectives Blood contains nutrients and oxygen providing energy that allows the cells of the body to perform work. Part of the immune system that helps the body fight-off disease.

It also affects animals foraging on contaminated feed. Skeletal Fluorosis Animal and Human Domestic Animals (CEPA, Unpublished Final Draft, Inorganic Fluorides, p ). The framework of the body, consisting of bones and other connective tissues, which protects and supports the body tissues and internal human skeleton contains bones, six of which are the tiny bones of the middle ear (three in each ear) that function in hearing.

The largest bone in the body is the thigh bone, or femur. Skeleton & Bones Facts. Learn some fun bones and skeleton facts for kids. The human skeleton has 6 key functions and our skeleton can be split into 2 main parts. The epiphyses are at the ends of the long bone and are the parts of the bone that participate in joint surfaces.

The diaphysis is the shaft of the bone and has walls of cortical bone and an underlying network of trabecular bone. The skeletal system includes all of the bones and joints in the body.

Each bone is a complex living organ that is made up of many cells, protein fibers, and minerals.

Skeleton - Wikipedia