In Laos alone, government officials are planning and rapidly moving forward with large-scale dam projects to provide electricity for export to neighboring Thailand. Not only do large-scale dams cause significant social and ecological impacts, but these projects also require lengthy transmission lines to carry electricity through the region. One such corridor runs through the Udon Thani province in northeastern Thailand. The project has generated considerable concern among local communities, where families grow rice and fruit for sustenance and income.
Highlight 4 high profile development cases in Jamaica using a case study approach. Tell us what you need to have done now! Within the limited land space and often fragile ecosystems of small developing islands such as Jamaica, the need to reduce poverty and all its ramifications has increased the imperative for developments, and therefore the challenge to harmonise developments with environmental management principles is often colossal.
Diverse processes and tools such as the Environmental Impact Assessment EIA has evolved to assist in this environmental management, which itself has undergone evolutionary changes as more data have become available on natural systems and human development.
This was a follow up of the introduction of the Permit and Licence System in Januarywhich spoke to the new requirements for the conduct of EIAs for specific type of developments. NEPA, as the new regulatory agency has undertaken a review of the existing EIA Guidelines in an effort to update the document, to incorporate Eia process in jamaica and case global issues, and natural hazard impacts as well as to create a more user friendly and practical set of guidelines for developers and consultants.
The term describes a technique and a process by which information about the interaction between a proposed development project and the environment is collected, analysed, and interpreted to produce a report on potential impacts and to provide the basis for sound decision-making.
The results of the study are taken into account by the Regulatory Authority in the determination of whether the proposed development should be allowed, and under what conditions.
When applying for a permit or licence for a development, an EIA may be required, which is determined by the screening of the application and the conducting of relevant site visits.
The act also gave the authority the power to request that the applicant furnish documents or other information as it thinks fit.
The criteria for requesting this information may include emergency, the level of technology employed in the operation of the project, and the likely adverse impacts to be expected from the project.
The purpose of the EIA is to aid in decision making, help in the formulation of development actions, promote sustainable development, meet legislative requirements, and assist countries in conforming with international environmental standards.
With this in mind, the EIA process in Jamaica was developed to include: This document should have the following basic contents, unless specified otherwise in the Terms of Reference. In addition, a notice should be published in the media at least three 3 weeks prior to the public presentation.
These presentations are held to obtain comments on the proposed development. Comments must be submitted in writing to NEPA within thirty 30 days of the presentation, some of which are worded as conditions of the permit and feedback is provided to them.
NEPA then collates the comments and the applicant is informed accordingly to respond to any query or concern in the form of an addendum to the EIA. This addendum is then circulated to the same agencies who will then submit comments on the addendum.
NEPA will again collate comments and the valid ones are included in the submission to the review committees, after which the EIA process feeds into the permit application process. The EIA guidelines have been reviewed by NEPA in an effort to update the document, incorporate emerging global issues and create a more user friendly and practical set of guidelines for developers and consultants.
This resulted in minor changes which includes, the addition of other important steps that the applicant must follow through to be granted a development permit in accordance to the guidelines of NEPA.
The application now goes through a more rigorous process, before the decision is made on whether a development is to be granted approval or not. Conclusion An Environmental Impact Assessment EIA is a comprehensive process of evaluating the environmental impacts of a development and its alternatives, including the preparation of a written report on the findings of that evaluation, and using the findings in publicly accountable decision making.
The process and guidelines for conducting EIAs in Jamaica has undergone historical developments and reviews since their establishment by the NRCA in In this regard, NEPA has sought to enhance the environmental impact assessment process and guidelines for conducting such, to meet the national mandate of balancing economic development programmes and projects with environment, economic development, and social justice.
The cases that will be discussed will be:Environmental Impact Assessment & Analysis Task: Outline the EIA process in Jamaica and compare the guidelines of NEPA and NRCA. Highlight 4 high profile development cases in Jamaica using a case study approach.
EIA Process in Jamaica Sections 9 & 10 of the NRCA Act give the Authority the power to request that an environmental impact assessment be conducted as. Eia Process in Jamaica and Case Study Essay Assessment & Analysis Task: Outline the EIA process in Jamaica and compare the guidelines of NEPA and NRCA.
Highlight 4 high profile development cases in Jamaica using a case study approach. This paper reviews the practice of public involvement in the EIA process, the using projecting Lagos as case study the constra9insts and the short coming of the ip resent EIA system and proposes.
Environmental Impact Assessment & Analysis Task: Outline the EIA process in Jamaica and compare the guidelines of NEPA and NRCA. Highlight 4 high profile development cases in Jamaica using a case study approach.
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT By JUDITH GOBIN, PhD Part-time Lecturer, Faculty of Engineering University of the West Indies The procedures of the EIA process presented here are adapted from the UNEP report (Environmental Impact Assessment, Basic procedures for developing countries, ).