First theories of epistemology put more emphasis on absolute, unchangeable factors and character, while later on throughout the scientific revolution its belief changes to a more adaptive and active one. In his work The Republic he employs metaphors and dialectic prose in order to describe his theory of reality including the world of forms and his doctrine of Recollection. His later thoughts on epistemology went on to question all of the accepted traditional Greek beliefs on intellectual society. The allegory of the cave suggests several ideas that formed Platonic philosophy.
The literature on epistemology is vast. Here's a very brief summary of some epistemological discussions.
Concerning knowledge, many epistemologists think knowledge is justified true belief, where the justification you have is linked to the truth of the matter in the right kind of way, though what this way is a matter of debate; some epistemologists think knowledge can't be analyzed this way.
Concerning justification's relation to knowledge, some epistemologists think we don't need to be justified to know, and some think we do need to be.
Concerning what it takes to be justified, some epistemologists think that what it takes for you to be justified are only factors internal to the believer Internalists. Others think it takes an external factor, like reliable or well-functioning cognitive faculties Externalists.
Concerning justification, epistemologists differ on whether in any case you there is only one doxastic attitude you are justified in adopting toward a proposition, or whether in some cases more than one doxastic attitude is permissible as Permissivists maintain.
Skeptics argue that we can't have any justified beliefs at all, and many epistemologists reply to the skeptic's arguments. Concerning how we use what we know justifiably believe to come to know justifiably believe other things, some epistemologists Foundationalists argue that there are bedrock propositions that we know justifiably believeand we build our knowledge justified beliefs on those.
Foundationalists often take perception, introspection and rational intuition as sources of foundational knowledge, in contrast to testimony the role of memory being a matter of persistent dispute. Other epistemologists Coherentists argue that there aren't bedrock propositions; rather, a set of beliefs is justified as a whole, and several beliefs can be mutually supporting.
Concerning the value of knowledge, some argue that knowledge is intrinsically valuable. Others have argued that knowledge is valuable because of the role it plays in practical reasoning, and others argue that knowledge isn't more valuable than justified and true belief, but there are other epistemic states such as understanding, that do have value above their proper subparts.
If knowledge is valuable, then treating genuine knowers as if they did not know or depriving people of knowledge, for instance because they belong to an outgroup, can be a form of epistemic injustice. For a defense of permissivism, see Schoenfield and for criticisms, see White For a defense of the steadfast view of peer disagreement, see Kellyand of the conciliationist view, see Christensen For a defense of coherentism, see BonJour and Lehrer For discussions of the value of knowledge, see KvanvigHaddock et al and Zagzebski For discussions of epistemic injustice, see FrickerMillsand Medina Skepticism & Contextualism in Epistemology Essay Skepticism & Contextualism in Epistemology Epistemology, is generally understood as the study of knowledge.
The word Epistemology was coined by Scottish philosopher James F. Ferrier, it is a word derived from Greek – Episteme meaning knowledge and logos meaning study. Published: Mon, 5 Dec Research has been perceived at different angles ranging from utilitarian, technical and professional views, while some see it as a mere gathering of information or ordinary fact – finding exercise, others see it as a process of moving facts from one form to another.
Descartes uses epistemology and metaphysics to frame his famous "cogito" argument. But in order to understand how that works, first, we must discuss the differences between an epistemological and a metaphysical question.
Epistemology essaysUnderstanding the World through the Study of Knowledge The study of knowledge, better known as epistemology, is the area of philosophy that investigates the nature, sources, limitations, and validity of knowledge.
Epistemology was brought about during the time of the Enlightenme. Free epistemology papers, essays, and research papers.
My Account. Your search returned over essays for "epistemology" 1 2 3 In Annie Dillard’s Essay “Seeing” she describes her beliefs about how people become aware of their knowledge and how the proper perception can provide someone with a greater understanding and appreciation .
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