Generally, norms are discovered as social guidelines and objectives which guide individual or group behavior. Many cultures indicate their interpersonal norms on sexuality by discovering what is regarded as 'normal' and 'acceptable' sexual action within society.
Their society can be dubbed as a semi-nomadic horticultural society. Ecuador is the clearest interpretation of what may be the diversity.
The culture of Ecuador is not a single culture; rather it is a mixture of a whole range of cultures, representing each level of this community which is very heterogeneous.
The official language of Ecuador is Spanish, but Quichua, an Inca language is spoken Legal social and cultural environment of ecuador essay the Indian population.
Culture plays an important role in determining the behaviors of communities. Generally speaking, culture defines the lifestyle, norms and traditions of a community. Hence, the behavior, primary mode of subsistence, and economic organization of Huaorani people cannot be well understood without due reference to its cultural influences.
The people of Huaorani have different characteristics from the other tribes of Ecuador.
Though the community continues to possess its ancestral lands between the Curary and Napo rivers but these areas have now become quite vulnerable due to the practices of oil trapping and logging which are deemed illegal in the country.
Most of all, the Huaorani community has been very successful in preserving and protecting their culture from the enemies. Historically, the Hauorani community was a group of hunters and gatherers who dwelled in forest and hunted animals as their primary mode of subsistence.
However, their practice has been reduced to its minimum due to the onset of technology and communication but forest still remains to be their permanent settlement. The community accommodates five different groups namely, the Tageri, the Huinnatare, the Onamenae and two from Taromenane.
These groups prefer to live in isolation avoiding contact with the outside world. As far as the belief systems of the Huaorani people go, they believe the entire world was once a forest and a safer place than the outside world. For them, living in the forest protects them from the unwanted troubles that their opponents and enemies can create.
They consider the forest and rivers as the primary source of living. Cultural anthropologists conclude that animals and plants also have a spiritual and physical existence.
Among them, the notion of respecting animals is strongly rooted despite the fact that they hunt them as the primary source of subsistence. They believe that the spirits of the dead animals must be pacified lest they harm the human beings.
They encourage the hunting of snakes and jaguarconsidered as the evil force in the cosmology of community while the jaguar is seen as the majestic marauder. They have profound knowledge about the botanical and medicinal values of plants in the forest. Plants are considered as part of the life of this community and portray their characteristics.
Karttunen, The animals that can be hunted are limited to birds, monkeys, and wild peccaries.
They are forbidden to eat the meat of certain animals. For example, deer is prohibited to be haunted and eaten. Their cultural values raise ethical issues about the practice of killing animals indiscriminately.
The belief that the spirits of dead animals rule the forest and can harm the people in anger is also embedded in the minds of Huorani people. Their beliefs and values place restriction on the hunting and eating practices.
Plants hold unique position among the community because they supposedly have medicinal, botanical, and spiritual values. Although their territory extended over 2 million hectares, oil activities, settlers and lumbermen, had led, inthe Ecuadorian President Borja to allocate their collective ownership of a slightly less thanhectares in order to facilitate all their activities.
The Huaorani Tagaeri are the only ones who have remained faithful to the traditional way of life, are themselves deeply buried in the forest between the Amazon River and Tiputini Cononaco. The Huaorani, formerly known as Auca Aushiris were the last Indians that have preserved their ancestral roots intact after the Spanish conquest in the fourteenth century, which killed one million natives in the Andes of South America.
The process of domination of the Huaorani group, began with the establishment of evangelical missions in its territory by the Summer Institute of Linguistics SIL of U.
The purpose of SIL has been directly linked to oil companies, including maintenance of that group, to allow for oil exploration, which led to the acculturation of the Huaorani. Rival, Before the time of evangelization, the Huaorani were victims of the rubber boomby the incursions of rubber producers who hunted Indians for sale in Manaus BrazilIquitos Peru and Mother Earth Bolivia.
Organization With the presence of evangelizing Summer Institute of Linguistics of the United States began a process of acculturation of Huao people who helped them come into contact with white civilization, and more presence of oil has set the tone for this indomitable people begin a long process of organizing in communities that have led to the creation of the Organization of the Huaorani Nationality of the Ecuadorian Amazon, ONHAE inwith Ministerial agreement No.
The Huaorani are a people of skilled hunters and warriors, who occupy a habitat mainly interfluves. Its economy, social organization and the spiritual world are amazing models aptly updated to the environment of the jungle.
Dally, The Tagaeri live in myth and legend ancestral Huaorani of their patron god and his jungle, the Angel of the eagle soars whenever there is danger and every time he approached the danger is everywhere and everyone should be prepared for war.
The Tagaeri have been a very small group, inbred clan that has deepened its own extinction. The Huaorani maintain the custom of punishing a child when he does not obey the rules of the father and the community.
The children spent one year, are bound to a tree and punished with a vine of Mount says Juan Enomenga Huaorani leaders. This clan wanted to preserve their cultural heritage and ancestral social system without outside influence, rejecting the policy of reduction imposed by the protectorate under the control of the Summer Institute of Linguistics and Tagaeri.The extensive oil infrastructure (opening roads to build oil wells and pipelines) propelled a massive colonization of the region by poor farmers from around Ecuador, who in turn would suffer from the same problems faced by the indigenous residents.
Ian Robertson defines culture as "all the shared products of society" Culture is a natural development of social behaviorism- social life and activities of human beings (by George Herbert Mead).
The evolution of culture is based on intelligence reaction to experience and needs. International Marketing Strategy FE VT Master Thesis Effects of cultural differences in international business and price negotiations - A case study of a Swedish company with operations in e.g.
Unfortunately, Ecuador is still plagued by Spanish dominion "think" which riddles the country with a pervasive web of institutional and cultural bias.
I think it will take a few generations to die out before the country can truly surge culturally. Ecuador essays Ecuador, South America's second smallest country, is regarded as one of the most geographically and ethnically diverse countries on the continent. This culture-rich country is largely uncharted, making it an exciting and adventurous place to visit.
Ecuador has 4 diverse regions: the Amazon Rain forest, the Coast, the highland Andes, and the Galapagos Archipelago. The Sierra is the heartland of Ecuador's indigenous culture.
The oldest cultures of America lived on the Ecuadorian coast.