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In principle, Lojban may be written in any orthographic system as long as it satisfies the required regularities and unambiguities. Some of the reasons for such elasticity would be as follows: Lojban is defined by the phonemes rather than graphemes; as long as they are correctly rendered so as to maintain the Lojbanic audio-visual isomorphisma representational system can be said to be an appropriate orthography of the language; Lojban is meant to be as culturally neutral as possible, so it is never crucial or fundamental to claim that some particular orthography of some particular languages e.
Some Lojbanists extend this principle to claim that even an original orthography of the language is to be sought. Morphology[ edit ] Lojban has three word-classes: Each of them has uniquely identifying properties, so that one can unambiguously recognize which word is of which part of speech in a string of the language.
They may be further divided in sub-classes. There also exists a special fragmental form assigned to some predicate words and structure words, from which compound words lujvo may be created. Such standards, however, are to be attained with certain carefulness: It is important to note that new Lojbanists will not be able to speak 'perfectly' when first learning Lojban.
In fact, you may never speak perfectly in 'natural' Lojban conversation, even though you achieve fluency in the language. No English speaker always speaks textbook English in natural conversation; Lojban speakers will also make grammatical errors when talking quickly. Lojbanists will, however, be able to speak or write unambiguously if they are careful, which is difficult if not impossible with a natural language.
Nick Nicholas and John Cowan. Its typology can be said to be basically subject—verb—object and subject—object—verb. However, it can practically be anything: The meaning of the sentence mi prami do is determined by prami realizing, with its own predefined "place structure", a specific semantic relation between mi and do; when the positional relation between mi and do changes, the meaning of the sentence changes too.
As shown above, Lojban has particular devices to preserve such semantic structure of words while altering their order. As befits a logical language, there is a large assortment of logical connectives.
Such conjunction words take different forms depending on what they connect, another reason why the standard Lojbanic expressions are typically precise and clear.
Multiple predicate words may be linked up together so as to narrow the semantic scope of the phrase. In sutra dansu "to quickly dance", the modifying word sutra narrows the sense of the modified word dansu to form a more specific concept in which case the modifier may resemble English adverbs or adjectives.
One could go still further, adding a quite extreme example of its syntactic flexibility. Lojban can easily "imitate" even one-word sentences from polysynthetic languagesfor example: The number of root words gismu and structure words cmavo are basically unchanging, but new inventions are to be accepted as experimental components.
In fact, it has been noticed that particular inclination or disproportion exists in the available vocabulary. Cortesi  has pointed out the lack of certain terms for mathematics and geometry although this demand may now be disputed as the current set of Lojban vocabulary does actually allow speakers to express such notions as steradian sterotrigonometric tangent tanjomultiplicative inverse fa'imatrix transpose re'a among a number of other kinds of operators or metric units.
Other instances which require speakers to construct noncanonical words: There are few entries of African country names on the official list of root words while other country names especially those with large populations of speakers of the six source languages are covered to a remarkable extent.
Such distinction as between palne tray and palta plate exist while no distinction between "illustration" and "photography" is made by the available set of gismu that is, no exclusive root word for "photography" exists except the generic pixra picture see also — Grammar:The basic premise of most festivals is the social connect they offer to people to reach out to each other.
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Computer was introduced at high school levels in in some selected schools and in CS has been introduced in almost all high schools in Punjab. Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a community of benjaminpohle.com is believed that multilingual speakers outnumber monolingual speakers in the world's population.
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They use it for interaction and entertainment etc. as mobile phones have advantages it also have disadvantages and its effecting the students’ education Name: Part I Alternative Language - Hindi Discipline: Hindi Course Scheme Weekly Contact Hours Semester Title of the Paper I PAPER I Prose –I, Prose.