This will also present the synthesis of the art, theoretical and conceptual framework to fully understand the research to be done and lastly the definition of terms for better comprehension of the study.
Introduction[ edit ] Photovoltaic technology is a relatively new field of renewable energy that is rapidly expanding. Solar cells can have a wide variety of applications, particularly for off-grid and portable power needs. Increasing demand for clean energy sources has spurred growth solar technology.
Light is made up of packets of energy, called photons, whose energy depends only upon the frequency, or color, of the light.
The energy of visible protons is sufficient to excite electrons, bound into solids, up to higher energy levels where they are free to move. In a Photovoltaic Device there is built in symmetry which pulls the excited electrons can relax and feeds them into an external circuit. The extra energy of the excited electrons generates a potential difference or, electromagnetic force e.
This force drives the electrons through a load in the external circuit to do electrical work. This electricity is supplied in the form of direct current, or can be transformed into alternating current, or stored in a battery.
Array- One or more panels wired together at a specific voltage. Charge Controller- Equipment that regulates battery voltage.
Battery Storage- A medium that stores direct current electrical energy. Inverter- An electrical device that changes direct current to alternating current. DC Loads- Appliances, motors, and equipment powered by direct current.
AC Loads- Appliances, motors, and equipment powered by alternating current. Sizing the Array[ edit ] The first steps involve determining the load of what the PV system will be powering. This system will be providing power in AC.
The power the system will need is expressed in ampere-hours AH. Suppose you notice that the battery system runs for about three days without any charging before the voltage becomes unacceptably low. This code covers just about any PV installation, on-grid or off-grid.
It specifically deals with any PV system that produces power and is accessible to the untrained person. The key component is labeling.Review of the related literature is one of the first steps in research process.
It consists of summary of findings of research carried out in the past on same directly and indirectly related topics. This review provides insight to the researchers regarding. 50 CHAPTER – 2 REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE “The research for reference material is time consuming but fruitful phase.
A familiarity with. Date: April 23, Child Protective Services Project, Task 6 Integrated Literature Review Introduction Maltreated children younger than age 3 constitute a vulnerable group in America. This is a literature review project focusing on “approaches to learning” related theories and their implementation at the school and classroom levels.
To answer the four research questions, an extensive search and review of. Towards an Ultimate Battery Thermal Management System: A Review review article, an effective battery thermal management is sought considering the existing battery Q&S standards and scientiﬁc literature.
The article contains a broad overview of the current costs related to cycle and calendar life, and performance. A survey or review of related literature and studies is very important because such reviewed literature and studies serve as a foundation of the proposed study.
This is because related literature and studies guide the researcher in .