Visit Website InPaine met Benjamin Franklinwho is believed to have persuaded Paine to emigrate to America, providing Paine with a letter of introduction. Three months later, Paine was on a ship to America, nearly dying from a bout of scurvy.
Anglo-American Political and Religious Thinker.
Thomas Paine was a radical political propagandist for the American revolution and a proponent of deism as a philosophy of natural religion.
Paine was born in Thetford in Norfolk, England, of a poor Quaker family. He began writing pamphlets on political topics of the day, including his noted polemic with the self-explanatory title, The Case of the Officers of Excise; with Remarks on the Qualification of Officers, and on the numerous Evils arising to the Revenue, from the Insufficiency of the present Salary: With the publication of this paper, Paine offended his superiors, was dismissed from his post, and shortly after separated from his second wife.
Paine settled in Philadelphia and began working as a journalist, writing for the Pennsylvania Magazine. Although he had been in America for less than a year, Paine quickly became involved in the struggle for American independence. On 10 Januaryhe published the work for which he is probably best known, the influential pamphlet Common Sense.
Avoiding technical jargon or abstruse philosophical consideration, Paine, as the title of his pamphlet indicated, emphasized widely known facts and commonsense political reasoning that were awaiting someone of his ability to articulate for a popular readership. Paine declares that government is a necessary evil limited to regulatory functions that can only be tempered to avoid infringements of individual liberty by frequent free elections in a representative democracy.
Paine was among the first revolutionists to call for a declaration of American independence from the British monarchy. While at the front, he began writing sixteen papers on the revolution and its challenges for the Pennsylvania Journal, collected as the American Crisis, and published between and InPaine was appointed Congressional Secretary of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, but resigned in after a scandal in which he was accused of disclosing confidential state secrets.
In American Crisis, Paine castigates persons reluctant to engage the British in the battle for independence, makes a compelling case for an integrated Federal and State tax system to finance the war, and argues for the inevitability of British recognition of American independence.
InPaine published his most important contribution to political philosophy, the Rights of Man, in which he defended political rights for all persons on the grounds of their natural equality under God and concluded, much as in the American Crisis, that only a republic founded on the democratic principles could protect the equal rights of all citizens, who were to benefit from his detailed program of social legislation aimed at alleviating poverty.
Paine, who had also hoped by his writings to ferment social revolution in Britain, was forced to leave England in Septemberwhereupon he relocated to France. In Augusthe became a French citizen and was subsequently elected to the National Convention. Incapable as ever of compromising his principles, Paine soon ran afoul of the Committee of Public Safety and was imprisoned in Paris until released through the intercession of the new American minister, James Monroe.
Ironically, Paine, who was thought to be too radical for his native land, in part because of his opposition to execution by guillotine of King Louis XVI, was simultaneously perceived as too moderate by the extreme Jacobin faction that came to dominate the French revolution during the Reign of Terror.
It was during his incarceration that Paine began work on his most ambitious work, The Age of Reason, published in In this philosophical work, Paine rejects Christianity, expressed his commitment to science in the person of Isaac Newton, and argues that nature reveals the existence of God in the lawlike order of the universe.
Paine denies that the Bible is the revealed word of God and maintains that many of its stories are immoral and riddled with logical inconsistencies.
Although warmly welcomed by Jefferson, Paine remained impoverished, officially neglected, and in ill health, until his death on 8 June With his pen rather than directly through participation in the great political movements of his day, Paine exerted a powerful influence on the reshaping of government in three nations and bequeathed a legacy of impassioned humanistic reason in politics and religion that remains a testament to the spirit of the Enlightenment.
Essays on Thomas Paine, John Keane, Tom Paine:Thomas Paine, an American Philosopher Words 6 Pages An American born philosopher, Thomas Paine, was a strong adherent for independence and was agnostic in the government.
Essay on Thomas Paine, Father of the American Revolution. Thomas Paine: The Father of the American Revolution When we look at the struggle for American Independence, most of us think of the war that the original patriots fought and won against the British. About: Thomas Paine was an English-American political activist, philosopher, political theorist, and revolutionary.
One of the Founding Fathers of the United States, he authored the two most influential pamphlets at the start of the American Revolution, and he inspired the rebels in to declare independence from Britain. Thomas Paine (born Thomas Pain) (February 9, [O.S.
January 29, ] – June 8, ) was an English-born American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary. One of the Founding Fathers of the United States, he authored the two most influential pamphlets at the start of the American Revolution and inspired the patriots in to declare independence from Britain.
Ironically enough, Paine was rejected for membership in the Society in , and was not elected a member until January 22, See Library Bulletin of the American Philosophical Society, , p. Writer Thomas Paine, in his essay, The Crisis # 1, initiates the power Britain (the mother country) has over America during the dreadful Revolutionary War.
Paine’s purpose is to encourage the neutrals to join the patriots by degrading Britain’s harsh rule over America.