Hardison Certified Educator Plato contends we are all made of the same three parts yet not all have the parts aligned in a healthy balance. The result is that greed, ambition, and foolishness rule in these unbalanced people. Plato lived through the democratic period in Athens' government and through the oligarchy period when the conquering Spartans installed the wealthy oligarchists as rulers of Athens, a move that unleashed a fierce retribution of bloodshed upon the unseated democratic rulers.
He believes, as he talks to Glaucon about it, that the best King is one who is the best of philosophers and the best at war. For instance, his theory of Ideal Forms and his theory about psyche or soul also establish his political theory.
Plato tells us that everything decays and therefore, forms of government also decay. Likewise, the form of government diminishes in character and integrity to become the worst of all forms.
Although, Plato uses the number four for his stages of governance or forms of government in the Republic,  he actually talks about five particular forms.
He starts with the best and shows us how one stage transforms into another stage of governance because of deterioration. The first stage of political governance is the best form of government according to Plato. It is called aristocracy or government of the best.
The ruler has to be the best of philosophers and the best at war as mentioned earlier. Excellence and education is a priority and equality is observed under the rule of an aristocrat. An aristocracy changes mildly into a timocracy or government of honor.
This form of government is one in which the ruler is more involved in warfare, hence, a government of honor comes to being. The ruler is honored by public and this makes it similar to an aristocracy but the state is involved more into warfare.
According to Plato, there are particular periods in which people should have babies and when babies are born otherwise it leads to deterioration and inequality.
Similarly, timocracy degrades into an oligarchy. Oligarchy is a government of few and the rich are the few that rule the majority of the poor. Oligarchy just naturally evolves from timocracy because a nation indulged in war will accumulate a lot of wealth and it will lose its respect for excellence.
The few rich people will begin to rule and suppress the poor. The rich will be scared of arming the poor majority, fearing they will turn on them and the state will be a weak one.
Extreme poverty will bring crime rate and illiteracy to their peaks. The poor majority will soon come together to form an even worse form of government, democracy. This is the form of government in which everyone wants to be rich, Plato believed. Democracy takes birth when rich have made the poor loathe them and love of revolution begins to spring amongst poor.
Therefore some revolutionists rise and either kill or exile the rich rulers, forming a new, just government with freedom as their priority. In a rule like this one there is no compulsion for anything.
You can choose to not join the army even if you are competent. The insatiable desire of freedom forms a nation where teachers fear students and children fight parents. Hence, people start disregarding all laws and nobody wants to be ruled. The common people start taking their rulers as oligarchs.As with many of Plato’s dialogues, The Republic follows Socrates on his mission to uncover the absolute truths of the universe, to understand and contemplate the divine Forms.
In this particular dialogue, Socrates inquires into the nature of justice, how it benefits . Plato: The Dialogue Form - Republic. The Republic is consider by many to be Plato's masterwork. It certainly is one of the most important texts of political theory.
In the Republic Plato reasons his way (by means of a lively discussion at a dinner party) to a description of the perfect political system. Chapter 4, Section 4 study guide by geoxvir includes questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
his student Plato, because he did not write any books. Instead of writing books, what did Socrates do? In his book The Republic, what did Plato describe? his vision of an ideal state. Watch video · The Republic was written during this time with its exploration of just government Plato Biography.
Author. credited with being the first to write down the epic stories of The Iliad and The. Plato promoted a government based on virtue and justice, one that should lead to the common good of everyone in the polis (city-state), including the noble, rich and poor. This ideal is most identifiable as a philosophic meritocratic aristocracy or monarchy.
In the Republic and Laws, Plato lays out.
Many have interpreted Plato as stating—even having been the first to write—that knowledge is justified true belief, Aristocracy in the sense of government (politeia) is advocated in Plato's Republic.
Plato's Republic; Plato's Theaetetus; Plato's Academy; Middle Platonism;.